About this Research Topic
Aging is a complex and progressive process involving every cell, organ and system in the body and it is the result of degenerative physiological processes that occur over decades. At the global population level, aging is unprecedented in terms of the number of elderly humans. Cardiovascular diseases are the most common cause of death among elderly people and age-related degeneration and functional decline are quite heterogeneous at cardiovascular level. Diet and lifestyle significantly contribute to the prevention of cardiovascular injuries.
Diet is fundamental in the prevention of various disorders, mainly in older people. A diet rich in antioxidants, vitamins, fibers and other phytochemicals can play an important role toward a healthy lifestyle also reducing aging-related cardiovascular injury development. Furthermore, radiology exams as vascular imaging and hybrid imaging as PET-CT/MRI scan can assess modification of vessels and adipose tissue, in order to identify the patients at more risk for cardiovascular complications. Liver MRI is an establish tool to evaluate fibrosis and steatosis, usually correlated to life-style and diet.
This Research Topic will highlight and summarize the current knowledge about the impact of phytochemicals against the progression of age-related cardiovascular injury, covering both basic and (pre)clinical aspects. Potential studies may include, but are not limited, to the evaluation/development of dietary intervention and their association with cardiovascular aging and also to recent advance in nutrition therapy at cardiovascular level. The demand for specific radiology exams is growing in order to stratify patients with not-invasive methods and quantify the cardiovascular and metabolic assets.
Keywords: Cardiovascular System, Aging, Diet, Inflammation, Oxidative Stress, Vascular Imaging
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