About this Research Topic
The traditional design and manufacturing of braces for Scoliosis is a very time consuming and hands-on process. It is very much reliant on the experience of the orthotist which varies vary by individual and is not always repeatable nor cost-effective. There are limited quality control and accuracy of the manufactured brace. Furthermore, traditional measurement methods used to obtain patient geometry have low resolution and are not three-dimensional. This leads to requiring significant manual correction by the orthotist during the final fitting of the brace.
Computer-Aided Design (CAD) and Computer-Aided Manufacturing (CAM)) has been implemented to fine-tune the design as well as to increase the accuracy and quality of the manufactured brace. While the CAD/CAM approach has led to many improvements, there remain issues with optimal material selection and the implementation of new design strategies which result in lighter, more compliant, and mechanically efficient braces. With the advanced computerized simulation, CAD-based design the brace will verify 3D spine correction and modification of a virtual brace before 3D printing.
With Additive Manufacturing (3D Printing), it is possible to produce braces with design features that may not be constructed using other techniques (for example hole patterns, cut-outs, integrated connections, etc.). The method also requires much less hands-on technician time thus leading to significant savings in labor manufacturing costs.
The Research Topic of the journal will provide a forum for engineers to disseminate optimally biomechanical properties as well as a sound procedure in the use of 3D Printing for these braces. Clinicians who are using a 3D Printing brace in the rehabilitative setting will also be invited to contribute so that valuable lessons learned in the treatment of children with scoliosis may also be disseminated.
Keywords: Scoliosis, 3D Printing, Rehabilitation, Biomechanics
Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.