About this Research Topic
The Mediterranean is characterized by complex tectonics related to the interaction of three main lithospheric plates (Nubia, Eurasia and Arabia) and a number of small sub-plates and crustal blocks (e.g., Alboran, Hyblean-Malta, Aegean, Anatolia and Sinai). This complex tectonic context exposes a wide spectrum of inter-related geodynamic processes such as subduction (e.g., Calabrian Arc, Hellenic Arc), continent-continent collision (e.g., eastern Turkey, Caucasus and Zagros), lithospheric delamination (e.g., Turkey High Plateau, Alboran Sea and Moroccan High Atlas), back-arc extension (e.g., Aegean Sea), continental transform faulting (e.g., North and East Anatolian Faults) and active continental crustal spreading (e.g., central and southern Apennines).
Numerous studies accomplished in the last decades have provided a significant knowledge advance on the relationships between plate motions, the active tectonic and structural evolution of plate boundaries as well as their underlying dynamics. For instance, integrated plate tectonic and geologic observations have allowed to reconstruct, both in space and time, the detailed evolution of the Nubia-Eurasia-Arabia plate circuit over the last 30 Myr, while information on crustal and upper mantle structures have been provided by geophysical and geochemical methods. The Mediterranean tectonic setting is currently studied by many disciplines of Earth Sciences such us tectonics, geodynamics, geodesy, seismology, geochemistry, etc.
This Research Topic will collect an interdisciplinary census on the latest, high quality research related to the active tectonics and the geological history, at least since Oligocene, of the Mediterranean regions and associated surrounding areas. We thus welcome both novel and review contributions from (but not limited to) tectonics, structural geology, volcanology, sedimentology, geodesy, remote sensing, geomorphology and geodynamic modelling.
Keywords: plate motion, active faulting and earthquakes, volcanoes, Eurasia, Nubia and Arabia plates
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