About this Research Topic
Nanomaterials present a central role in both academic research and industrial applications. One of the oldest application areas of nanotechnology is Nanocatalysis. Catalysis represents a crucial part of energy production, the chemical industry, and environmental remediation. More than 50% of chemical products and nearly all of the world's chemical processes are either based or substantially dependent on catalysis. These proportions will steadily increase to satisfy our ever-growing demands for sustainable processes with superior atom-economic impacts and inferior environmental impacts.
Nanocatalysis is a rapidly growing field involving nanomaterials as catalysts for various homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis applications. Within Nanosciences, heterogeneous catalysis represents one of the first commercial applications and has been extensively applied for critical chemical reactions. Currently, nanoparticles are increasingly substituting conventional heterogeneous catalysts. Due to smaller sizes, nanoparticles have a higher surface area and increased exposed active sites. In that way, nanoparticles have more extensive contact areas with reactants and are catalytically more active than conventional heterogeneous catalysts. Variations in the shape and composition of nanocatalysts give access to various types of catalytic sites. A particular type of site demonstrates better selectivity towards a specific reaction pathway. Thus, from the point of view of increased activity and selectivity, nanocatalysts have properties that point to homogeneous catalysts. On the other hand, nanocatalysts are relatively easier to separate from the reaction mixtures and, therefore, in that sense, are heterogeneous catalysts.
This Research Topic is organized on the occasion of the tenth anniversary of the Materials Science Centre of the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) – Kolkata, India. The Special issue's goal is to provide the frontiers of academic research in the field of Nanomaterials applied for Nanocatalysis. This Special Issue deals with all aspects of Nanocatalysis, from nanocatalyst and nanomaterials synthesis and characterization to their various applications in chemistry, environment, energy, and so on. Both original research and comprehensive review papers contributing to the field are welcome.
The primary area of study can, however, span a broad research area, which focusses on nanomaterials used in:
• catalysis for chemicals
• electrocatalysis for chemicals
• biomass conversion
• carbon dioxide utilization
• Fuel Cells, HER, OER, ORR
• Quantum Computational Simulation of Quantum Chemistry
• AI and Machine Learning-Driven Materials Design, Catalysis, and Reaction Dynamics
• Computational Materials Science and Catalysis Design
• Further areas for development (perspectives)
Keywords: Catalysis, nanomaterials, photocatalysis, electrocatalysis, fuel cells, computational catalysis
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