About this Research Topic
Cities are the aggregation centers of human beings, with rapid urbanization and urban climate change being global concerns. Climate change will not solely cause an increase in the average surface temperatures across the globe, a phenomenon known as global warming or urban heat island (UHI) effect for cities. In reality, the serious problems of air pollution, extreme climatic events (e.g., droughts, floods, hurricanes, tornadoes and wildfires) and related environmental refugees have severe impacts on the urban living environment, and pose serious threats to human health and sustainable development of society. According to the Guardian, "We’ve already warmed the world by 1.1℃, and we’re experiencing the effects that it will be impossible to return to today’s abundant world. The International Federation of the Red Cross estimates there are as many as 50 million climate refugees". Building development and urban planning in cities are affecting the current living environment and human well-being. Environmental challenges such as the depletion of natural resources, the deterioration of indoor and outdoor thermal environment and air quality, human thermal comfort, and an aging society are rapidly increasing. High-rise buildings with high density layout have changed the urban canopy structure and reduced the diffusion rate of pollution, resulting in long-term exceedances in atmospheric pollutants concentration. Architects and urban designers are required to create designs that combine interdisciplinary theory and technologies. From the aspects of individual buildings and smart urban design, the environmental effects of building layout and building facade design, as well as vegetation should be evaluated. Therefore, building and urban development has to be implemented with consideration and discussion at various levels and points in the process of urban expansion.
There is the need to bridge the gap between urban climate and urban planning, and transfer climate-related knowledge into design and planning languages. This Research Topic aims to highlight research that addresses comprehensive environmental problems and seeks to break the barriers between different design fields. We are particularly interested in innovative articles based on the advanced design techniques along with simulation and prediction results. The long-term impacts of urban planning and development on health in today's environment need to be further explored, as a scientific issue that will be focused on in the future. This research topic can include those studies based on modeling, monitoring, evaluation, planning and design regarding urban climate change. These works should have one or more highly prominent research objectives as well as research progress and conclusions of practical significance.
Topics of interest include but are not limited to:
• Sustainable urban planning and evaluation
• Urban climate change and control technologies
• Urban vegetation
• Urban transportation
• Urban heat emission in buildings
• Challenges and solutions of aging society
• Sustainable building design and evaluation
• Indoor environmental evaluation
• Building energy consumption
• Building insulation
• Green roof
Keywords: Sustainable Building, Urban Development, Urban Adaptations, Urban Climate Change, Urban Planning, Aging Society, Urban Heat Emission, Building Energy Consumption
Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.