About this Research Topic
Government financial investment in science and technology has been an important factor in promoting the rapid development of science and technology (S&T) since World War II. Governments invest in science and technology in different forms, such as the federal and state funding in the US, the EU Framework Program funding and national funding schemes in Europe as well as a broad variation of funding instruments in China and other countries in Asia, Latin America, Oceania, and Africa.
As one of the majorly discussed topics related to state investment, government science and technology funding and its efficiency has always been at the epicenter of most governments’ interests, plans, and discussions. In the past decades, science and technology funding models were shifting and adapting in various ways according to the changing macro-environment. The first transformation was from the single form of original block grants to project funding, while currently, we are witnessing the new combination of both funding models. The efficiency and impacts of these changes generate new debates around Science and Technology funding by both scholars and policymakers.
Most existing research on the field of government science and technology resource allocation emphasizes quantitative data analyses on the local micro level. Although this is a beneficial approach, it lacks systematic analyses of the configuration models, the effects, and the multi-agent relationships on the macro level. Acknowledging this need for further research in the field, this Research Topic aims to analyze the impact of funding in relation to the shifting of government science and technology funding models from one to another. It invites submissions that address, but are not limited to the following questions and topics:
• Is science and technology funding concentrated on individuals, projects, or institutions, and how has the relative deployment of these funding instruments evolved around the world?
• What are the effects of the funding system evolution on individuals, research organizations, and research systems? To put it differently, how do the changes in funding models from institutional block grants to project funding influence individuals, research organizations, and research systems?
• What processes of policy learning and imitation occur and to which extent do they give rise to institutional novelties and changes?
• Can one speak of convergence of divergence of funding practices and, if so, at which stages of this process can different countries around the world be located?
Comparative cross-country analysis is also highly welcomed as are studies of the evolution of national research funding systems which are at present relatively understudied or ill-understood in the international scientific literature.
Keywords: science and technology policy, funding models, public funding, science and technology funding, impact of funding
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