About this Research Topic
Water scarcity is a major global concern. Human health and food production depend on water quality and availability. In this context, water reuse could be an important alternative to minimize the global water footprint, mainly in agricultural systems.
However, the challenge to address is the possible health risk associated with enteric pathogens persistent in water reused from wastewater treatment systems. Among these pathogens, special attention should be given to enteric viruses, which are major contributors to childhood death rates.
Poor sewage treatment management could result in water contamination and consequently lead to waterborne diseases. Research on virus removal or inactivation processes for wastewater treatment has presented successful alternatives, however, these methods are still expensive and difficult to apply to full-scale treatment plants. Thus, research on low-cost, eco-friendly treatment technologies aimed at virus removal or inactivation is a key alternative to achieve water reuse security.
Considering the importance of water management for the future of the planet, the present Research Topic will publish high-quality studies with the aim of contributing to the improvement of knowledge about removal or inactivation of enteric viruses present in reused water and wastewater. The focus is on efficient, low-cost, and eco-friendly technologies. Research within this issue could decrease the water footprint in food chain production, whilst the inactivation of viruses will decrease the environmental virus load that in the perspective of the One Health concept could enhance human, animal, and environmental health.
We welcome Reviews, Case Reports, and Original Research articles of high scientific quality. Topics covered include, but are not limited to:
• Reused water or wastewater treatment systems for virus removal and/or inactivation.
• Case Reports on wastewater treatment implementation and environmental virus concentration decrease.
• Low-cost eco-friendly technologies for virus removal from wastewater or reused water.
• Use of biomaterials for virus inactivation and/or removal from wastewater or reused water.
Keywords: Enteric virus, wastewater treatment, risk management, eco-friendly technology
Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.