About this Research Topic
Biomass is an important renewable material and energy source, coming from the photosynthesis of plants directly or indirectly. It can be transformed into solid, liquid or gas fuels and chemicals through physical, chemical, and biological methods. The utilization of biomass energy can reduce human dependence on fossil fuels such as petroleum and coal, and reduce CO2 emissions, which is one of the crucial ways to ensure the sustainable development of society. Catalysis science and technologies, including thermal-chemical catalysis, photocatalysis, electrocatalysis, biocatalysis, etc., have made significant contributions to the production of biomass-derived fuels and chemicals. However, we still need more efficient catalytic systems to reduce further the cost of using biomass energy and biomass-derived chemicals. This process is quite challenging because of the particularity of biomass. For example, lignocellulose, the most abundant biomass resource on the earth, contains high oxygen content and is difficult to dissolve in water or organic solvents, bringing many difficulties in developing highly active catalysts and catalysis systems. Nowadays, the fundamental and applied research in lignocellulose conversion has become one of the hottest topics in chemical engineering.
This Research Topic will focus on the development of catalysis science and technology in the field of biomass conversion, including the pre-treatment process, the design and synthesis of catalysts, the optimization and exploration of the catalytic process, and life cycle analysis, etc., to propose the latest research findings and solutions to promote further progress in the biorefinery.
Potential topics include, but are not limited to:
• Biomass pre-treatment technologies
• Gasification/pyrolysis of biomass
• Novel catalysts for biomass conversion
• Novel materials derived from biomass
• Production and conversion of key intermediates in biorefinery
• Life cycle assessment on biomass conversion
Keywords: Biorefinery, Biomass, Catalysis, Biofuels, Green Chemistry
Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.