About this Research Topic
Ecosystems provide humanity with invaluable services, such as freshwater supply, soil fertility and climate regulation, among many others. Forests, in particular, recognized as prime regulators of the hydrological cycle, are experiencing global changes such as accelerated climate warming and anthropogenic intervention with adverse effects on ecosystem processes and the services they provide, such as water provision and biochemical cycles.
The Latin American region (LAR) ecosystems support nearly 60% of global terrestrial biodiversity, and up to 27% of global drinking water. LAR is compounded of a wide range of tropical, subtropical, and temperate forest, affected by population growth (250%), growing demands for natural resources, and forest-land conversions. Therefore, there is an evident risk of negative consequences on hydrological processes in LAR forests at different scales.
The forests of Latin America – highly dynamic ecosystems – are the site of increasing research possibilities mostly due to the unique pristine forests and recent intervention of forest ecosystems where mitigation and adaptation measures are critical for sustainable water management. Proper measurements to prevent or reduce the negative consequences of global changes and development heavily rely on suitable impact assessments and interpretations of the causes and effects.
This Research Topic focuses on the impact assessment of human-induced disturbances in forests and/ or its converted ecosystems, reflected in hydrology, ecohydrology or the Forest-Water social nexus (e.g., climate change/deforestation/afforestation, mining, changes in drainage networks) and environmental changes in Latin American forests (e.g. Native and Plantations).
We welcome articles covering, but not limited to, the following topics:
• Hydrology and Ecohydrology: Water balance, hydrological processes, Soil-Plant-Atmosphere continuum (SPAC).
• Forest and water social nexus.
Keywords: Hydrology, Ecohydrology, Forest-Water social nexus, Latin American Forests, Global Change
Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.