About this Research Topic
The surface properties of fibers play an important role in determining the wettability, dyeability, comfort, adhesion, and many other characteristics of textiles. The surface chemistry and morphology of fibers can be modified by several chemical and physical methods, varying from traditional solution treatment to biological approaches or vacuum processes. The modified surfaces expand the use of textiles in a wide range of applications, from fashion to technical textiles, including automotive, medical, sports, and protection fields. Consequently, to meet high-performance textiles requirements the surface modification is a valuable research field for chemists, textile and material engineers, biologists, and doctors.
The goal of this Research Topic is to introduce the latest developments in the field of surface modification techniques applied to textile substrates, ranging from the use of plasma treatments and physical vapor deposition to the use of nanoparticles as well as environmentally friendly chemistry. The limitations, environmental impacts, and advantages of each method will be also discussed, as well as its potential for industrialization and replacement of processes currently performed in textile finishing. Indeed, with the development of engineering and science in the micro and nano-scale, the precise control of surface chemical properties is becoming increasingly critical in scientific research and for industrial applications. Moreover, the methods employed for the characterization of surface-modified textiles and the introduction of environmentally friendly processes will be explored. Finally, the fastness of the surface modifications obtained by finishing processes against different conditions, such as aging, washing, abrasion, etc., will be considered.
All surface modifications which can be applied to textiles on the laboratory or industrial scale can be included in this Research Topic. Areas to be covered in this Research Topic may include, but are not limited to:
• Plasma treatment
• UV treatment
• Laser treatment
• Gamma treatment
• Layer by layer
• Electroless deposition
• Nanoparticle deposition
• Chemical oxidation
• Enzyme treatment
Keywords: Plasma, Nanotechnology, Surface treatment, Functionalization, Textile
Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.