About this Research Topic
Microplastic pollution is a worldwide issue that has attracted much attention from the scientific community. Microplastics can be found everywhere such as oceans, wastewaters, freshwaters, soils, sediments, food, and air. Traditional sampling and analytical methods are time-consuming. It is of significance to develop fast but accurate methods to detect microplastics in complex environmental matrices. More importantly, the sampling, sample pre-treatment, and the determination method of nanoplastics, which may have more adverse effects than microplastics on organisms, are still in a very preliminary stage. Most of the plastic additives such as flame retardants, antioxidants, and plasticizers are toxic and ready to release from microplastics when ingested by organisms, however, the method for extraction of those additives from environmental microplastics is not well developed.
This Research Topic in Frontiers in Environmental Chemistry will be of great help in increasing the number of methods contributing to the scientific community and providing a comprehensive perspective on the analysis of microplastics, nanoplastics, and their additives. The aims are to explore the state of the art in the analysis methodologies for microplastics, nanoplastics, and their additives, including advances and challenges regarding the sampling, isolation, pre-treatment, identification, and extraction methods.
Specific fields of interest include:
1. optimization of sampling method for collection of microplastics in the environment
2. efficient approaches for microplastic isolation
3. advances in microplastic identification
4. development of techniques for nanoplastics identification
5. optimized methods of microplastics analysis for additives extraction
All article types are welcome, with an emphasis on Original Research and Reviews.
Keywords: methodology, microplastics, nanoplastics, pre-treatment, identification, additives, isolation, sampling method
Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.