About this Research Topic
Retroarc foreland basin systems are tectonically formed elongated regions of potential sediment accumulation developed on continental crust between contractional orogenic belts and the adjacent craton, mainly in response to subduction in convergent margins. Andean foreland basins along the western margin of South America from Venezuela to southernmost Chile and Argentina, immediately east of the Andes, are important records of orogenic, climatic processes and evolution basins. They include various types of foreland basins (e.g., simple, broken, etc.) with continental, marine, and mixed sedimentary infill accumulated during the Andean Orogeny (Late Mesozoic - Present).
This Research Topic aims to bring together a series of articles that analyze basin stratigraphy, the complexity of fill patterns due to different allogenic controls, such as tectonics and climate, and sedimentary provenance of these Andean foreland basins. These themes highlight important advances in our knowledge of foreland basin processes, and especially for understanding the tectono-sedimentary evolution with paleoclimate inferences. We encourage submissions spanning a range of different perspectives and methodologies, including studies in classical stratigraphy, sequence stratigraphy, sedimentology, sedimentary basin analysis, geomorphology, and landscape evolution, numerical and thermokinematic modeling, structural analysis, geochronology, and geochemistry.
We welcome Original Research, Reviews, Methods, and other article types allowed by the Sedimentology, Stratigraphy, and Diagenesis, Quaternary Science, Geomorphology and Paleoenvironment, Structural Geology and Tectonics, and Geochemistry sections of Frontiers in Earth Science. We especially encourage contributions related to the following issues:
• Stratigraphy, chronostratigraphy, and geochronology of Andean Foreland basins;
• Sequence stratigraphy and evolution of sedimentary paleoenvironments with paleoclimate inferences;
• Provenance studies including integrated detrital geochronology and geochemistry;
• Sedimentary petrology and diagenesis;
• Tectono-sedimentary evolution models of foreland basins;
• Models of sedimentation in foreland basins;
• Landscape evolution and geomorphic change; and
• Environmental hazards and risks
Keywords: andean foreland, stratigraphy, sedimentology, provenance, paleoclimate
Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.