About this Research Topic
Remote health monitoring is rapidly moving from on-body wearable devices to intra-body nano-sensors. Intra-body communication enables timely delivery of critical data, providing medical experts with the opportunity of early diagnosis. It promises to improve the healthcare service delivery resulting in increased probability of survival for the patients, as well as reducing the healthcare cost and resources required. Owing to the varying characteristics of the intra-body environment, conventional electromagnetic-wave-based wireless communication protocols fail to operate efficiently. Specialized techniques, like molecular diffusion, nanoscale and Terahertz-frequency-based radio communications need to be designed and implemented. Such techniques would enable collecting information from inside the body, at the micro level instead of waiting for the wearable devices to respond. Although several proposals have already been made, the topic, particularly the experimental studies are still in their infancy.
Recent improvements in nanotechnologies have enabled the realization of nano-machines that promise new solutions for several applications in biomedical, industry and military fields. Many of these envisioned nanotechnology applications, e.g., intelligent drug delivery system or intra-body multi-modal health monitoring, require a set of nano-machines like ingestible machines to collaboratively achieve a common task, which clearly mandates practical realization of communication and networking at the nanoscale. Due to the size and capabilities of these nano-machines, the classical communication paradigms are inapplicable to nano-networks. Hence, a set of new molecular and nanoscale communication paradigms operating in the Terahertz frequency band is imperative for the realization of the future collaborative and distributed nanotechnology applications.
The main aim of this topic is to foster new inter-disciplinary research by bridging the field of nano and molecular technologies and information and communication technology (ICT) research. The topic encourages papers that capture the current state-of-the-art in the field of molecular and nanoscale communications, e.g. information, communication and network theoretical analysis of molecular, Tera Hertz and nano-networks, mobility in molecular and nano-networks, novel and practical communication protocols, routing schemes and architectures, design/engineering/evaluation of molecular and nanoscale communication systems, as well as their potential applications.
This research topic will provide the readers an insight into the futuristic designs and implementations of protocols and frameworks relating to the subject of intra-body communications. Research papers can include, but are not limited to, theoretical/experimental results from the following topics:
- Body-centric networks
- Frameworks, architectures, protocols for molecular communications
- Frameworks for Interfacing between Intra and Extra body communications
- Link and Physical Layer Designs for Molecular Communications
- Analytical modeling for intra-body communication architectures
- Intra-body Molecular, Terahertz, Acoustic, Nano-mechanical communications
- Challenges and opportunities for future intra-body communications
- Ethical and Legal challenges for Intra-body communications
- Emerging applications of molecular communications
- Novel Paradigms for energy and cost management for intra-body communications
- Intra-body nano-communication architectures
- Novel Intra-body sensing applications
- Design, frameworks and architectures for Intra-body sensing modules.
- Graphene Intra-body sensors and beyond
- Novel sensor Designs for detecting bio-markers
- Optimized and Reliable Intra-body Sensing schemes for constrained nano-networks
Keywords: Intra-body, remote health, molecular, nano-sensors, Terahertz communication
Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.