About this Research Topic
The natural and synthetic filler-based polymer nanocomposites have been widely investigated by the research society in the last couple of decades to develop substantial enhancements in material properties. The performance of nanocomposites relies on various parameters including type of fillers such as fibers, platelets, particles, and their combination, their surface modification strategy, processing of nanocomposites, etc. However, the nanofillers dispersion and interfacial adhesion with the polymer matrices remains a challenging task to achieve the desired enhancement in the properties of the nanocomposites e.g., physical, thermal, electric, optic, and mechanical properties, etc. that make them useful for adoption in household industries to advanced industries such as sports, automotive and aerospace industries.
The performance of natural and synthetic filler-based polymer nanocomposites relies on various features of nanofillers like size or diameter, specific surface area, aspect ratio, dispersion and distribution state, and compatibility with the polymer matrices. In the era of nanocomposites, the dispersion of nanoparticles and their interfacial interaction with the matrix is still challenging to utilize the true potential of the high specific surface area of the nanofillers to achieve the improvement in properties of the nanocomposites. Several physical and chemical approaches have been used to improve the dispersion quality and compatibility of fillers with the matrix. High-speed shear mixing, ultrasonic mixing of fillers in polymer matrices, etc.,and surface modification of nanofillers by grafting of organosilanes on them are most preferred. Still, there an in-depth theoretical and experimental study is required in this area to develop technologically acceptable high-performance natural and synthetic filler-based polymer nanocomposites.
This Research Topic will be focused on high-quality recent research on natural and synthetic polymer nanocomposites with advanced applications. Topics covered in this collection include the following themes but are not limited to:
• Advances in preparation and processing of natural and synthetic polymer Nanocomposites
• Micro/nano-structural characterization of nanocomposites and their constituent phases
• Reinforcing or functional micro/nanofillers
• Innovative composite designs
• Advances in interphase science and engineering
• Modeling and simulation study of nanocomposites
Keywords: Polymer Nanocomposites, Synthetic/Natural Fillers, Processing Techniques, Composite Designs, Modeling and Simulation
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