About this Research Topic
The full program of higher-yielding crop varieties, access to irrigation, and critical inputs became known as the Green Revolution. The new varieties generated much higher yields than traditional, local varieties, but they required more fertilizer and were less resistant to drought. Thus, farmers adopting the new varieties required access to irrigation, along with subsidies for the energy needed to pump groundwater and for the fertilizer needed to achieve potentially higher yields. National governments largely provided the necessary subsidies on agrochemicals (Fertilizers, pests, herbicides, fungicides, etc.) in the interest of boosting crop yields and ensuring food security. Consequently, intensive agriculture over the years has led to an overall degradation of fragile agroecosystems and services. Most agrochemicals negatively affect the soil microbial functions and biochemical processes. The high cost of production alongside diminishing economic returns from agricultural practices are affecting the socio-economic condition of farmers. Moreover, the prolonged intensive and indiscriminate use of agrochemicals are adversely affecting soil biodiversity, agricultural sustainability, and food safety, bringing in long-term harmful effects on nutritional security, human and animal health.
Excessive use of agrochemicals in the agriculture sector has also led to deleterious food and environmental quality with increased pollution of soil, water, and air. Loss of soil fertility, erosion of soil, soil toxicity, diminishing water resources, pollution of underground water, the salinity of underground water, increased incidence of human and livestock diseases, and global warming are some of the negative impacts of the Green Revolution. Hence, there is an urgent need for the development of pest/disease resistance cultivars, to restore soil health, and improve water and soil quality for a sustainable food system. To obviate these problems, it has become indispensable for researchers and government planners to focus on advancing sustainability.
To enhance food, soil, water, and air quality, we need to alternate the use of agrochemicals for balanced nutrition through beneficial microbiota and take eco-friendly approaches to weed, pest, and disease management. These methods will help to improve our ecosystem services through the intensification of applied resources in the agricultural sector and develop a sustainable food system.
This Research Topic will publish research that can be used for advancement in input use efficiency, resource intensification for agriculture sustainability. There is currently an urgent need to focus on the effects of agrochemicals on our food systems, and their management through advanced technological approaches. The collection will benefit both academics and professional workers in the fields of Soil Sciences, Soil Microbiology, Environmental Science, Agronomy, and in the allied disciple of Agricultural Sciences. The education of farmers, distributors, industry, policymakers, and other stakeholders of the discriminate use of pesticides is critical to reducing the adverse effects on humans and the environment. Well-designed experiments are needed on the long-term effect of pesticides on microbial communities and their long-term eco-toxicological effects in the soil environment.
1. Agrochemical negative effect and management for food, soil, water, and environment;
2. Soil health restoration for food quality.
3. Agrochemical impact on agroecosystem services.
4. Precision input management strategies.
5. Agriculture intensification and ecosystem services;
6. Carbon capturing in agriculture for soil and environmental security.
Keywords: Agrochemicals, Food and Soil quality, Pollution, Climate Change, Sustainability
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