The Impact of Missing Teeth and Their Replacements on the Physical and Psychological Health of the Geriatric Population

About this Research Topic

Manuscript Submission Deadline 31 May 2022
Manuscript Extension Submission Deadline 30 June 2022

The rapidly aging population globally has led to enormous challenges in healthcare. According to the World Health Organization and FDI World Dental Federation, bad oral health is of great concern, especially in the elderly.

Among the different indicators of oral health, missing teeth or number of ...

The rapidly aging population globally has led to enormous challenges in healthcare. According to the World Health Organization and FDI World Dental Federation, bad oral health is of great concern, especially in the elderly.

Among the different indicators of oral health, missing teeth or number of occluding teeth contacts play a significant role in the overall health of a person. With the loss of teeth, there is an impaired masticatory function affecting the nutritional intake in the elderly. Moreover, edentulousness affects health-related quality of life in the aging population, particularly in the medically compromised or institutionalized elderly patients. Tooth loss has also been shown to cause psychological effects such as low self-esteem, anxiety/depression, and cognitive impairment. Moreover, having no or few teeth has been associated with frailty, decline in gait speed, disability in activities of daily living (ADL), and mobility limitations.

The loss of teeth is public health concern because of its increased prevalence and consequences in the geriatric population. Additionally, the accessibility of oral health to the elderly is limited. From previous research, it is evident that the impact of missing teeth can be seen in all aspects of health, thereby emphasizing the need for a multidisciplinary approach to solve problems associated with missing teeth in the geriatric population.

Loss of teeth and occluding pairs can affect various aspects of health. An update on the prevalence of partial or complete edentulism is therefore essential. In addition, it is equally essential to understand preventive measures and steps to be taken for restoring missing teeth and improvement in oral health after prosthetic rehabilitations in these populations. Such data is crucial to develop effective health programs for geriatric populations. Studies on epidemiology, primary prevention measures, and interventions using evidence-based approaches, particularly targeting this susceptible population are required. Advanced oral health policies and multidisciplinary collaborative research involving community engagement is essential to tackle this problem.

This Research Topic seeks up-to-date research on the impact of missing teeth as well as their rehabilitation on the physical and psychological well-being of the aged population. This will be beneficial for dental and medical practitioners dealing with geriatric patients.

Potential topics focusing on the geriatric population may include but are not limited to:

• Epidemiology and risk assessment of loss of teeth, including effective measures to prevent loss of teeth;
• The impact of missing teeth on the general health, nutritional intake, quality of life and health perception;
• The psychological impact and impact on overall health due to missing teeth in elderly patients;
• Impact of prosthetic rehabilitation on the general health, nutritional intake, and quality of life;
• Updated oral health policies/guidelines relating to missing teeth in geriatric patients;
• Accessibility of dental care to geriatric patients;
• Reports on dental community projects or special programs for this population that focus on missing teeth replacements and their effects.

We welcome original laboratory and clinical research, epidemiological studies, reviews, and case reports related to the impact of both partial and complete edentulism and rehabilitation on the general and psychological well-being of the geriatric population.

Keywords: geriatric population, missing teeth, edentulousness, dentures, quality of life


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