About this Research Topic
In recent decades, orthognathic surgery has become one of the most popular procedures in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, due to the greater clarification of patients, orthodontists, and even surgeons regarding the possibilities of treating dentofacial anomalies.
Concomitantly, expectations about orthodontic-surgical treatment have also undergone changes in the minds of patients and professionals. The former, increasingly influenced by information from the internet and social networks, aim for optimal aesthetic and psychological outcomes, believing that functional correction will always be mandatory. The latter, sometimes deluded by the unscientific communications of short courses with well-crafted marketing, believe they have sufficient mastery of diagnostic and therapeutic techniques to perform complex procedures, without realizing the risks to which their patients are being exposed.
If, on the one hand, the development of new diagnostic techniques, planning, orthodontic preparation, virtual simulation, and surgical execution has contributed to meet the contemporary demands of patients and professionals, there has also been an increasing number of complications, requiring retreatments that do not always achieve the initially desired results or even reverse the undesirable consequences of the initial
Therefore, in an era of diagnostic innovations, changes in therapeutic concepts, and technological advances, an update on orthognathic surgery based on scientific evidence is necessary for young and experienced surgeons, addressing the fundamental issues and mandatory knowledge for all who are dedicated to this area.
The objective of this Research Topic is to provide readers with a general and scientific overview of all the stages involved in orthognathic surgery, from the early diagnosis of developmental disorders to the most used techniques today, through the stages of orthodontic preparation and virtual simulation.
We encourage authors to send basic and clinical research articles, retrospective and prospective studies, systematic reviews and mini-reviews, techniques and protocols accompanied by clinical and accuracy studies, on the following topics:
- Early diagnosis and intervention in dentofacial anomalies
- Orthognathic surgery in growing patients
- Skeletal anchorage in the preparation and finalization of surgical cases
- Diagnostic tests for obstructive sleep apnea and hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS)
- Long-term effects of bimaxillary advancement in OSAHS
- Protocols and accuracy of 3D Virtual Simulation
- Prediction of bone tissue changes and repercussion in soft tissues
- Harmonizing soft tissue surgery techniques for aesthetic purposes
- Management of gaps between osteotomies
- Possibilities of maxillary, mandibular and chin osteotomies
- Pros and cons of piezo surgery in orthognathic surgery
- Correction of internal TMJ disorders along with orthognathic surgery
- TMJ prosthetic reconstructions concomitant with orthognathic surgery
- Unilateral TMJ reconstruction concomitant with orthognathic surgery. Effect on the contralateral joint
- Diagnosis and management of active and inactive condylar hyperplasia
- Stability of bone base movements depending on types of internal fixation
- Treatment of condylar hyperplasia and osteochondroma
- Idiopathic condylar resorption
- Use of patient-specific implants in orthognathic surgery
- Are there any benefits of minimally invasive osteotomy and fixation techniques?
- Is surgery first a procedure suited to the aesthetic demands of patients today?
Keywords: orthognathic surgery, dentofacial anomaly, virtual simulation, temporomandibular joint, obstructive apnea
Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.