About this Research Topic
Coastal areas are great zones of settlement and play a vital role in the wealth of many nations. Large coastal stretches are already exposed to erosion and flooding and are increasingly threatened by sea-level rise, climate change and non-climate stressors (a.o. population increase, pollution, over-fishing, habitat loss). A significant contribution to climate change adaptation comes from marine renewable energy production and from innovative multi-functional off-shore installations that may shift off-shore part of the anthropogenic pressures (e.g. tourism, aquaculture, transportation) on coastal systems. Sustainable management solution of cos includes building-with-nature approaches, eco-friendly measures, multifunctional structures, multi-hazard interventions. Coastal and off-shore areas have been traditionally addressed separately, due to the different environmental forcing and characteristic hydro-morphodynamic processes. However, it is now clear that addressing the link among the two is crucial to lower environmental impacts, increase resilience of coastal and off-shore systems and promote circular economy.
The Research Topic critically reviews present-day off-shore and coastal engineering advances and barriers, discusses the challenges to be addressed, presents the innovative approaches and/or original research frontiers tackling these challenges and highlights the opportunities that can be generated by considering the integrated system from off-shore to coast.
Challenges include increase demand of energy, food and transportation, adaptation to climate change, resilience of structural and non-structural solutions, low-carbon footprint maritime works, development of blue circular economy, sustainable use of marine areas. Indeed challenges also include methodological challenges such as field and lab monitoring techniques, modelling frameworks, big data and tools for decision support.
The Research Topic overall aims at answering the question “Quo vadis, coastal and ocean engineering?”
The topic welcomes critical reviews and original papers outlining frontiers, challenges and opportunities in
• marine renewable energy,
• multi-use marine areas,
• maritime transportation and new maritime hubs,
• flood and erosion management strategies,
• climate change adaptation,
• erosion management strategies,
• risk assessment,
and also critical reviews and original papers outlining frontiers, challenges and opportunities about methodologies, such as
• monitoring techniques,
• big data and machine learning for improved design,
• laboratory investigations,
• computational models.
Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.