About this Research Topic
The analysis of the multiple aspects of risk in the built environment (multiple hazards, multiple exposed values) is a complex topic that is still open in the related literature. In particular, existing buildings (e.g. ancient and historical constructions) represent significant elements at risk from earthquakes due to the high exposed values and vulnerability that typically characterizes these constructions.
The Observation of post-earthquakes damages has shown that the losses in terms of human lives and building heritage is related not only to quantitative aspects (structural performances of the construction), but also to other qualitative aspects including the user emergency training, existing emergency procedures, risk perception, typology of artistic assets exposed, vulnerability of non-structural elements, systems, installations and furniture.
In the last decades, the scientific literature has proposed several multi criteria-based procedures and rapid visual screening for the risk analysis of existing buildings (with a specific interest for historical centres). However, the need to analyse many building typologies, different historical centres and many aspects related to risk (both for the single construction and at the large scale) demonstrates that the question is still open.
In addition, the civil engineering sector, aimed at the study of multi-risk analysis, is taking advantage of the benefits of technological progress late in comparison with other sectors. For this reason, it is important to investigate the potential application of novel technologies to support models and methods in the analysis of risks and resilient constructions.
The special issue is open to the research contribution in the building sector in a wide spectrum of areas including both qualitative and quantitative aspects of risk.
In particular, the special issue is open to the research contributions dealing with the following subjects:
-Multi criteria analysis, including multi criteria analysis, decision-making models and methods, decision support systems;
-Multi-risk analysis with a specific focus on seismic risk, including rapid visual survey approaches, infrastructure ageing, building and construction monitoring, investigation of qualitative aspects (e.g. emergency training, emergency procedures, risk perception, exposed artistic and architectural assets);
-Building Vulnerability, including kinematic analysis and mechanical models, masonry damage mechanisms, damage mechanism of RC frames, masonry-infilled RC frames and vulnerability of both structural and non-structural elements including systems, installations and furniture;
-The use of novel technologies, including Digital Twin, Information systems, User reporting, Participatory sensing, Modern sensor networks, Big data, Augmented Reality, Internet of Things.
Keywords: Multi-risk analysis, Multi-criteria approaches, Rapid visual survey, Resilient buildings, Large scale vulnerability, Decision support systems, Novel technologies, Quantitative and qualitative aspects
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