About this Research Topic
Obesity has repeatedly been highlighted in the medical literature and media as an epidemic negatively affecting health in adults. Advances in skeletal imaging have shown the changes in bone microarchitecture that result in a change in bone quality and strength. This could determine an increased rate of fractures on appendicular skeleton, with more severe patterns. Moreover, obesity could be strictly associated to metabolic or endocrinological diseases, promoting limb malalignment or angular deformity. Obesity is also a cause of psychological diseases, leading the affected children to avoid social interactions and sport activities, and, consequently, further increasing weight.
The goal of this Research Topic is to update pediatric bone diseases in pediatric patients, associated to obesity, evidencing current management strategies for these patients. In particular, susceptibility to fractures pattern, lower limb malalignment, foot deformity, etc., represented common conditions. Pediatric orthopedic surgeons need to consider the influence of weight in the choice of management. This article collection will educate the reader on diagnosis, treatment and complications for their patients with associated overweight or obesity.
The collection will be a series of original articles, review articles, systematic reviews, metanalysis, case reports, written by experienced pediatrics and pediatric orthopedic surgeons. The topics to be covered include: the fixation methods of fractures, an explanation of elastic intramedullary nailing and its applications in fractures, current management of long bone fractures, angular deformities correction, gait analysis and impairments, how to prevent and treat bone diseases and pathology.
Keywords: Obesity, fractures, overweight, genu valgum, flatfoot, gait analysis
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