About this Research Topic
Neurodevelopmental delay or developmental disabilities after neonatal or infant cardiac surgery are more common than expected. Preoperatively, structural brain immaturity has already pointed out in neonates with congenital heart disease. Intraoperatively, cardiopulmonary bypass conditions, anesthesia management and technical performance have been modified. Postoperatively, safe intensive care unit management has been advocated. From the birth to after surgery, many efforts have been made, but no obvious factor is pointed out and those outcomes might be caused multifactorially. Although many efforts have been applied to reduce mortality or morbidities after neonatal or infant cardiac surgery, we should focus on improving neurodevelopmental outcomes as well.
This Research Topic will look at next step to improve the quality of life in survivors after neonatal or infant cardiac surgery, accumulating the recent advances in the field; e.g. rehabilitation program to stimulate patients’ developmental course.
Although the cause of neurodevelopmental delay or developmental disabilities are multifactorial, we should focus on those struggling with these problems. In this Research Topic, we welcome recent advances on postoperative management to improve patients’ quality of life.
Keywords: Neurodevelopmental outcome, Bayley scale, congenital heart disease, surgery, cardiopulmonary
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