Nowadays, not only psychologists are interested in the study of Emotional Intelligence (EI). Teachers, educator, managers, employers, and people in general pay attention to EI. For example, teachers would like to know how EI could affect student`s academic results, andmanagers are concerned about how EI influences their employees´ performance. The concept of EI has been widely used in recent years to the extent that people used it in daily life. . EI is broadly defined as the capacity to process and use emotional information. More specifically, according to Mayer and Salovey, EI is the ability to: “1) accurate perception, appraise, and expression of emotion; 2) access and/or generation of feelings when they facilitate thought; 3) understand emotions and emotional knowledge; and 4) regulate emotions to promote emotional and intellectual growth” (Mayer and Salovey 1997, p. 10).
When new information arises into one specific area of knowledge, the work of the scientists is to investigate the relation between this new information and other established concepts. In this sense, EI could be considered as a new framework to explain human behavior. As a young concept in Psychology to elucidate the performance in the activities of everyday life,
Over the past two decades, studies of EI have tried to delimitate how EI is linked to other competences. A vast number of studies have reported a relation between EI and a large list of competencies such as academic and work success, life satisfaction, attendee to emotions, assertiveness, emotional expression, emotional-based decision making, impulsive control, stress management, among others. Moreover, recent researches have shown that EI plays an important role in the prediction of behavior besides personality and cognitive factors.
Until quite recently, the studies on EI have not been given more consideration to determinate how individual differences in EI interact with cognitive abilities. In this Research Topic we considered studies which main objective was not only examiningthe direct relation between EI and cognitive abilities, but also assessing the interaction between EI and cognitive abilities such as impulsive control, decisionmaking, attention, and cooperation in different contexts(schools, universities, hospitals, companies, etc). Our goal is to provide an extensive review that may give light to better understand how individual differences in EI affect human behavior. The general issue of this Research Topic is to expose the role of individual differences on EI in the development of a large number of competencies that support a more efficient performance in people´s everyday life.
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