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Manuscript Submission Deadline 20 August 2022
Manuscript Extension Submission Deadline 25 November 2022

The increasing occurrence of zoonotic infections attributable to avian-borne viruses (i.e. avian influenza viruses H5N1 and H7N9, West Nile virus, Japanese encephalitis virus, eastern/western equine encephalitis viruses) and bat-borne viruses (i.e. influenza A-like virus, mumps-like virus and strains of coronavirus, filovirus and rhabdo-viruses) has highlighted the need for well-established experimental models of infection and immunity. Infection studies in avian and bat cell lines are compromised by a lack of definitive understanding of the avian and bat innate immune responses and in particular the type I IFN response, which is the first line of defense, particularly upon virus infection. The difficulty in interpreting data from infection studies in human/rodent cell lines is that evolutionarily-optimized immune factors behave differently in non-hosts. Despite the high degree of evolutionary conservation, and assumed similarity in overall function, there are significant differences between the innate immune gene repertoires of chicken (and birds in general) and mammals and between those in bats and other mammals.

Keywords: bat borne viruses


Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.

The increasing occurrence of zoonotic infections attributable to avian-borne viruses (i.e. avian influenza viruses H5N1 and H7N9, West Nile virus, Japanese encephalitis virus, eastern/western equine encephalitis viruses) and bat-borne viruses (i.e. influenza A-like virus, mumps-like virus and strains of coronavirus, filovirus and rhabdo-viruses) has highlighted the need for well-established experimental models of infection and immunity. Infection studies in avian and bat cell lines are compromised by a lack of definitive understanding of the avian and bat innate immune responses and in particular the type I IFN response, which is the first line of defense, particularly upon virus infection. The difficulty in interpreting data from infection studies in human/rodent cell lines is that evolutionarily-optimized immune factors behave differently in non-hosts. Despite the high degree of evolutionary conservation, and assumed similarity in overall function, there are significant differences between the innate immune gene repertoires of chicken (and birds in general) and mammals and between those in bats and other mammals.

Keywords: bat borne viruses


Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.

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