About this Research Topic
Marine pollution (MP) leads increasingly to disturbances of the oceanic environment and its biota and adversely affects environmental and human health. Major challenges in marine pollution studies are also concerned with their methods. Novel stressors in oceanic pollution studies (such as from climate change, microplastics, pharmaceuticals, nanoparticles, noise, combined effects, bioaccumulation and biomagnification) will need novel scientific and technological approaches to various aspects of marine pollution. Additionally there are challenges for innovative methodologies to analyse sources, mechanisms of actions, effects, and fates of stressors.
Some novel approaches are readily available that have to be taken to practice and evaluated in their efficiency. These hold for methodologies in the field such as Geographic Information Systems (GIS) connecting to ocean surveillance from satellite, aircraft or ship board, sampling design, mesocosm, and transfer experiments. At the same time there are promising advancements made in the laboratory. This also holds for OMICs approaches which aim at the collective characterization, quantification, and bioinformatic evaluation of biomolecules in response to disturbances. System models may provide useful predictions for field, lab and mixed approaches.
Innovative approaches in marine pollution studies will provide new options for the sustainable monitoring, remediation, education, management, and innovative policies for the health management of the oceans. Particularly contributions about novel methodologies and approaches from the above fields concerned with MP are welcome in this Research Topic within FRONTIERS Marine Pollution.
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