About this Research Topic
In 1960, the 9th Annual International Stoke Mandeville Games were supported, for the first time, by the Italian Olympic Committee. Taking place six days after the Closing Ceremony of the XVII Olympic Games, the paralympic games for disabled athletes were born. From Rome to London in 2012, the paralympic games grew in terms of athletes’ number - from 400 (23 nations) to 4,237 (164 countries) - to become the second biggest sport event in the world. The level of disabled athletes’ performance also improved to a point that, in the present days, sport news and world sport movements focus on the potential advantage of artificial limbs among amputees and their integration in able-bodied competitions. However, amputees do not represent the totality of disabled athletes. Most of them show other motor impairments due to different deficiencies (visual deficit, paraplegia, tetraplegia, cerebral palsy or else). These motor impairments induce typical functional and physiological responses to exercise (e.g., hyperthermia among athletes with tetraplegia) and thus alter their performance. Environmental conditions may also add adverse effects on exercise performance capacity. These should be taken into account in the preparation of Paralympic athletes for the pinnacle of their career, the Paralympic Games.
The objective of the present call for papers is to present new advances and research findings in the field of applied physiology, nutrition and biomechanics in exercise performance, within the context of studies that have implications for those athletes who are eligible to compete at a Paralympic level. We encourage authors to submit original research and review articles to this Research Topic. Potential themes include, but are not limited to, talent identification, testing and training methods, nutritional aspects and recovery modalities to optimize athletes’ performance. These may include aspects of the gross efficiency, cardiovascular and neuromuscular responses to exercise and training.
Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.