About this Research Topic

Manuscript Submission Deadline 15 November 2022

Sleep is important for the adequate growth, physical and cognitive development, and health of children. Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) covers a wide spectrum of sleep-related disturbances which ranges from primary snoring to obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). Previous research has shown that the ...

Sleep is important for the adequate growth, physical and cognitive development, and health of children. Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) covers a wide spectrum of sleep-related disturbances which ranges from primary snoring to obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). Previous research has shown that the prevalence of SDB in children is as high as 12%. Typical symptoms of pediatric SDB generally include frequent snoring, witnessed apneas, restless sleep, and mouth breathing. In addition, SDB-related comorbidities are becoming more recognized nowadays as they not only affect the quality of life but also adversely influence cardiopulmonary function, neurocognitive development, and somatic growth. Moreover, they may also lead to metabolic disorders, behavioral and learning difficulties. Findings have shown that risks that are highly associated with pediatric SDB commonly include adenoid hypertrophy, tonsillar hypertrophy, allergic rhinitis, retrusive chin, midface deficiency, neuromuscular disorders, and some complex abnormalities. In terms of diagnostic methods, overnight polysomnography (PSG) is generally regarded as the gold standard test for conforming the presentence and estimating the severity of pediatric SDB. However, because this test is both costly and inconvenient, there has been significant interest in locating alternative diagnostic methods. Turning to treatment for pediatric SDB, currently, the following treatment options are usually adopted in clinical practices: behavior modifications, medical treatments, adenotonsillectomy, rapid maxillary expansion or orthodontic appliances, continuous positive airway pressure, and craniofacial surgery.

Based on recent development of pediatric SDB, this Research Topic aims to collect works with specific foci on etiology, pathophysiology, related diseases, morbidities, diagnosis, and treatment. In particular, this collection welcomes research articles which pay special attention to discoveries on newly founded pathophysiological changes, up-to-date diagnostic methods, and new treatment options.

We would like submissions of Original Articles, Review, Hypothesis and Theory, Meta-analysis and Case Report, in the following subtopics, but not limited to:
• Epidemiology, pathophysiology, etiology, and risk factors of pediatric SDB
• Morbidities associated with pediatric SDB
• Diagnosis of pediatric SDB, especially the feasibility of alternative methods to PSG
• Treatments of pediatric SDB, including adenoidectomy, tonsillectomy, medications, positive airway pressure, rapid maxillary expansion, oral appliances, craniofacial surgery, and newly treatment options
• Other clinical or basic research related to pediatric SDB

Keywords: Sleep disordered breathing (SDB), obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), snoring, adenoidectomy, tonsillectomy, continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), polysomnography (PSG), rapid maxillary expansion, oral appliances, craniofacial surgery


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