About this Research Topic
Marine Biotechnology exploits the enormous potential of unexplored functional diversity of marine life to access new genes, new molecules, and unusual (micro) organisms and their biochemical processes for the benefit of different field from industry to medicine, energy, etc.
The contribution of the marine environment to the world's food supply is significant. More specifically, according to the FAO, fisheries and aquaculture provide almost 50% of the animal protein supply. Today, consumers often demand minimally processed food, without the addition of chemical preservatives. Biotechnology will contribute to reduce the current cost of aquafarming management.
The application of marine biotechnology could contribute to address the global challenges of food, energy, security and health as well as contribute to green growth and sustainable industries especially in aquaculture domain. Biotechnology is an important player, along with conventional biomass technologies to convert the huge aquatic biomass into value-added chemicals applying biorefinery concepts.
In contrast to the terrestrial environment, the seas offer a far richer variety of useful constituents to be used in foods. There has been a growing interest in functional food ingredients, nutraceuticals, probiotics, prebiotics, enzymes, and various dietary supplements resulting from the processing of marine organisms. Further exploring their potential will create opportunity to provide compounds that offer chemical diversity and biological value.
An interdisciplinary effort is imperative to fully exploit the above-mentioned potential. Contributions from various disciplines such as chemistry, microbiology, biotechnology, bio-process engineering, food technology and many others are expected and will be welcomed in this Research Topic, which is open to all the above points, and will cover original research articles, review contributions, ideas, or commentaries related to these issues.
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