About this Research Topic
Marine algae, which play a critical role in developing blue biotechnology, include multi-cellular seaweeds (macroalgae) and unicellular microalgae. They produce more than a half of oxygen we breathe today as well as organic matters on the earth. They are also considered as sustainable sources of value-added products including carotenoids and polyunsaturated fatty acids. Seaweeds have long been used as health food and additives for human consumption in East Asia and many other countries across the world. Recently, due to the booming of clean energy, algal biofuels and biodiesel in particular, have attracted unprecedented interest. Moreover, marine algae-derived bioactive compounds are attractive resources for drug discovery in pharmaceutical industry, given their tremendous structural diversity and biological availability. In addition, diatoms, a major group of marine algae with nano-scale patterned silica cell walls can be developed as nano-scale functional materials for applications in solar cells as well as biosensors and drug delivery vehicles. Therefore, more efforts should be invested on marine algal research with a focus on developing new products for promoting human health and new technologies for energy security and a sustainable bio-economy.
This Research Topic welcomes contributions on new frontiers in all kinds of technologies and value-added products from marine algae, dedicated to both the understanding of the fundamentals and development of industry-oriented technologies.
Keywords: Marine algae, carotenoids, fatty acids, biofuels
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