About this Research Topic
Several Pacific nations including Papua New Guinea show very high prevalence of nutritional deficiencies in all age groups particularly expecting mothers and infants.
Most Pacific islands do not have their own Food Composition Tables to be able to predict the exact nutritional intake in their populations. In addition, some of these countries do not have a stable political environment and the leadership required to garner appropriate resources to address their needs. As a result, populations suffer from extreme conditions of malnutrition such as protein deficiencies and stunting in children. Some of the countries also have the double burden of malnutrition showing both end of the spectrum namely under and over nutrition.
This Research Topic has been proposed to provide a detailed overview of the scenario through experts who live in these countries or have had the opportunity to collaborate to analyse the situations in greater detail. The topics that will be covered will be:
1. Food and Nutrition Policies in the Pacific: do any current policies exist? If not what can be done with the resources available
2. Impact of the unique geography of the region on food availability and nutrition- similarities and differences between countries in the region
3. Food and Agricultural scenario in these countries- positive and negative factors
4. Status of Food Composition Tables in each of these countries
5. Resources available by way of specialist laboratories
6. Dietary surveys and deficiencies in the population focussing on protein and micronutrients
7. What Public Health measures are in place?
8. What interventions have taken place?
9. Presence of International Organisations such as FAO, WHO, World Bank and UNICEF and their mandates in the region
10. Food safety initiatives in the Pacific
11. Food trade
The intention is to provide enough information both scientific and general to identify gaps in resources and therefore the need for funding in this region to address public health issues.
Keywords: Nutritional deficiencies, Stunting in Children, Food Composition Databases, Interventions, Food Fortification
Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.