About this Research Topic
Many indigenous communities around the globe rely on the subsistence use of living marine resources, including coastal fisheries, marine plants, and marine mammals as a critical component of their food security and cultural life ways. Climate change, through changes in ocean temperatures, currents, sea level, and ocean acidification, may alter the distribution, abundance, and phenology of these resources, which may then affect safe access during critical harvest periods. Changes in seasonal sea ice and shore fast ice in the Arctic have already altered the behavior and accessibility of ice seals, walrus, and polar bears. Changes in ice cover have also made large whale hunting from shore more dangerous in certain areas. In order to continue to harvest these resources safely and reliably, indigenous communities must consider how to adapt to the shifts that climate change brings to these ecosystems. In order to preserve coastal communities, policy makers must consider indigenous rights. Treaty rights, co-management agreements, and regular and genuine stakeholder engagement are critical for these communities to adapt to a changing climate and maintain the subsistence practices that sustain them, for both food security and cultural preservation. The editors for this research topic welcome original research, review articles, and policy papers that address this issue. Perspectives may include, but are not limited to, cultural preservation, specific strategies for adapting in specific locations, strategies for engaging policy makers, and historical analyses.
Mel Cosentino (PhD student) is involved in editing this Research Topic under the supervision of Dr. Cornick, Dr. Hines and Dr. Wright.
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