About this Research Topic
As a result of serious problems stemming from water resource shortage, water producing methods and the relevant devices have drawn extensive attention all over the world. Different desalination methods, including mainly the thermal and membrane types, were proposed. Amongst those, desalination plants based on multi-stage flash (MSF), multi-effect evaporator (MEE), mechanical vapor compression (MVC) and reverse osmosis (RO) have been extensively applied in arid areas.
Regarding desalination systems, the complicated configurations, pollution, large energy costs and investments remain an important issue. For example, thermal type desalination methods are always coupled with a power plant, which is abundant in steam, while the RO desalination method will require a high amount of energy to generate high pressure.
Hence, in order to reduce and eliminate the contradiction between the increase in desalination demand and the relevant contained defects, clean, energy-efficient and economical desalination methods have a high potential, and relevant research is urgent and significant. The current topic focuses on the 'Integration and Energy Conservation in Desalination Systems', and the topic covers the following areas:
1. Application of new materials for a revolutionary effect in desalination systems;
2. Integration of renewable energies, including solar, wind, geothermal, biomass, and ocean energy, in desalination systems;
3. Novel desalination methods;
4. Energy, exergy, and economic analysis and optimization of desalination systems;
5. Poly-generation systems, including mainly desalination, power, cooling, heat and other kinds of energy demand;
6. Other fields involved in desalination systems.
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