About this Research Topic
It is well documented that poor outdoor and, more importantly, poor indoor air quality (IAQ) have significant impact on people’s health and premature death. Based on the review of a number of international studies, there is little doubt that poor air quality is connected with a range of undesirable health effects such as allergic and asthma symptoms, lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, airborne respiratory infections and cardiovascular disease. With the expected increase in air tightness for dwellings and other buildings to meet low energy targets, it is anticipated that indoor air quality will generally become poorer with increased levels of humidity and pollutants resulting in increased cases of health symptoms.
It is evident that a variety of airborne pollutants exist in residential and commercial buildings, many of which are likely to be at levels exceeding the WHO recommendations levels, particularly in those that are newly built and refurbished. The trend towards greater levels of building airtightness may well tend to exacerbate pollutant levels in addition to elevated humidity levels during drying-out periods for new or refurbished buildings and during full-occupancy periods. This reinforces the need for the design, construction and commissioning of buildings to be undertaken with IAQ firmly in the minds of designers, builders and commissioning engineers to ensure adequate provision of clean ventilation air.
The aim of this Research Topic is to attract research articles that focus on indoor air quality issues based on measured data, predictive scenarios and proposals for addressing the current and expected future impact of energy efficient buildings on indoor air quality.
Keywords: Ventilation, indoor pollution, outdoor pollution, pollution sources, health impact
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