About this Research Topic
In the perspective of sustainable development and environmental conservation, membrane processes appear as growing technologies for water treatment and pollution removal. Indeed, they exhibit several advantages compared to other technologies due to low energy requirements, weak detrimental impact on environment, easy implementation, and high selectivity between components. Therefore, they currently represent one of the most viable options to remove a broad range of contaminants from polluted waters due to the wide variety of processes and materials available.
Unfortunately, commercial membranes are often inadequate for particular applications, and their fouling also turns out to be a major drawback, impeding large-scale implementation. To overcome these issues, the development of specific membranes with adapted structural or physicochemical properties has become a key challenge for the expansion of membrane technologies. This goal can be achieved either by synthesizing novel membranes (containing mixed polymers or additives) or by enhancing surface properties through chemical or physical modifications.
The aim of this Research Topic is to improve our fundamental understanding of advanced materials for filtration membrane fabrication by providing relevant applications of modification or synthesis by chemical or physical methods. We encourage submissions on concrete examples of synthesis or modification procedures as well as their use for contaminant removal or fouling mitigation. In addition, we are also potentially interested in papers devoted to characterization methods to assess membrane structural or physicochemical properties, or modeling work that aims at understanding the impact of synthesis or modification on physicochemical properties and filtration performances of nanoporous membranes.
This Research Topic welcomes both original research and review articles devoted to the study of membranes with adapted properties for liquid phase filtration. In particular, contributions in the following topics are welcome but are not limited to:
• Novel synthesized membranes and original additives for improvement of properties
• Original methods for membrane surface modification
• Various applications of synthesized or modified membranes for water treatment and pollutant removal
• Specific membranes with adapted properties for fouling mitigation
• Original techniques for the characterization of the structural or physicochemical properties of synthesized or modified membranes
• Theoretical investigation of the impact of synthesis or modification on membrane properties and removal performance
Keywords: membrane synthesis, chemical modification, physicochemical properties, pollutant removal, fouling
Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.