About this Research Topic
The interdisciplinary field of biosensor technology has been undergoing continued growth in recent years, due to the increased interest between basic and applied research for the development of novel sensing devices that can be applied in agrifood tech and biotech sector. Biosensors harness the specificity and sensitivity of biological systems in small, low cost devices making a powerful alternative to conventional methods, such as culture techniques, serological tests and immunoassays, which require costly laboratory equipment and special conditions. Current biosensor research is directed towards increasing the biosensing capacity and developing diagnostic tools that can meet ASSURED criteria [Affordable, Sensitive, Specific, User-friendly, Rapid and robust, Equipment-free and Deliverable] recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO).
Agrifood tech is the small but growing segment of the startup and venture capital universe that’s aiming to improve or disrupt the global food and agriculture industry. The Ag-biotechnology is the agrifood tech category that includes most agricultural inputs including seed, fertilizer, pesticides, and animal pharmaceuticals, as well as developing biosensing technologies. The latter are important particularly concerning the prevention and early detection of the infectious animal diseases caused by pathogenic microorganisms such as bacteria and viruses that threaten the health and well-being of wildlife, livestock, and human populations, limit productivity and increase significantly economic losses to each sector.
The biotechnology sector is wide, comprising healthcare and environmental monitoring categories that also witness a rising number of biosensor applications. In healthcare, the use of biosensors, particularly in combination with microfluidic technologies, enables fast, early diagnostics by point-of-care testing (POCT) devices. Advanced biosensors allow for the simultaneous, multiplex, detection that provides users with more information and saves time, which makes the biosensors quite cost-effective.
Similar approach – biosensors and microfluidics, often combined with isothermal nucleic acid amplification methods that are more POCT-friendly than traditional PCR technique, is being rapidly implemented in the biotech environmental monitoring category as well. Taking into account that environmental monitoring is an essential part of any pharmaceutical, medical device or biotechnology manufacturing process implemented to indicate if the microbial and particulate content of all clean room air and work surfaces is below acceptable levels, this category is one with of the highest importance for the whole biotech sector.
This Research Topic aims to showcase various applications of biosensors in agrifood tech and biotech industry sectors.
Specifically, we welcome articles that report on low-cost point-of-care testing (POCT) biosensing systems for early detection of pathogens causing farm animals (livestock and poultry) and human diseases, uses of isothermal nucleic acid amplification methods for early diagnostics, biosensors in combination with microfluidics.
Summarized, the articles should be focused on following or similar issues:
- Biosensing for detection of pathogens related to livestock and poultry
- Biosensors and POCT microfluidic devices.
- Biosensing for early diagnostics of human diseases
- Use of biosensors in bioengineering e.g. for real-time monitoring of metabolic processes.
Contributors are encouraged to submit reviews, mini-reviews, commentaries, perspectives, research articles and theoretical papers.
Keywords: Biosensor, biotechnology, diagnostics, pathogen, agrifood
Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.