About this Research Topic
During the last century demographic trends have changed dramatically the size and composition of the world. Considering the different stages of recent economic development there is still more diversity regarding these trends. Some countries have experienced significant reductions in fertility rates and increasing longevity. Other countries started to follow these trajectories, although there are recognizable time-lags for these recent demographic trends. There are also countries still having high fertility rates and decelerated mortality decline.
Major challenges for recent global demographic changes focus on aging populations and the direct consequences for macroeconomic stability and social cohesion during the transition. Many societies need to cover higher government spending on pension, healthcare, and social benefits programs for the elderly that should even provide adverse effects on economic growth and quality of life while shifting public spending from education and infrastructure investment to finance programs for the elderly.
There are some gains and loss of global ageing. For many geographic regions the process of dying will become more extended and complex. Life threatening diseases may transform into chronic conditions and 'terminal' illness lost their burden. For some other regions the impact of mortality is affected by new infectious diseases, natural disaster, and human made catastrophes of many kinds including war, mass migration, destitution and dearth.
Declining and ageing populations also require comprehensive reassessments of many established policies and programs, related to international migration. The terminology of replacement migration is broadly used as the “magic bullet” by low-fertility countries to tackle their own population decline and population ageing. Otherwise replace migration also has direct consequences on the demographic burden for the countries of origin that even also experience the pace of fertility transition.
This Research Topic welcomes experts from different disciplines including demography, social sciences, geography, public health and other fields with scientific ferventness on global demographic changes to submit a manuscript. We want to facilitate the interdisciplinary exchange and the discussion of appropriated research between policy makers, experienced faculty and young scientists.
We would like to receive more analytic/theoretical contributions rather than descriptions of common global demographic patterns. All scientific contributions should focus on the following areas:
1. Consequence of global ageing
2. The impact of migration on regional and global perspective
3. The pace of fertility decline in developing countries
4. Global health and wellbeing
5. Lifespan extension and cause-of-death trajectories across the globe
Keywords: Global Ageing, Growing Life Spans, Cause-of-death Trajectories, Declining Fertility, Migration
Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.