About this Research Topic
Over the past two decades, several event-related brain potentials (e.g. N200, P300, error-related negativity) and time-frequency components (e.g. midfrontal theta, centro-posterior delta, right frontal beta) have been proposed to reflect neural mechanisms underlying executive brain functions/cognitive control. Such EEG-related signals have also been shown to be abnormal in several psychiatric conditions, including addiction, depression, ADHD, anxiety, and schizophrenia, underlining the importance of human electrophysiology in the study of cognitive control in both typical and atypical populations. As such, devising means to effectively modulate cognitive control related EEG activity with noninvasive brain stimulation techniques could accelerate the pace of scientific progress towards understanding cognitive control functions and have a positive impact on mental health care.
We propose a Research Topic directed at manipulating EEG signals related to cognitive control processes (e.g. feedback processing , attention, effort, motivation, conflict monitoring) using non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS). NIBS methods such as transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), transcranial direct/alternating current stimulation (tDCS/tACS), and transcranial vagus nerve stimulation (TVNS) allow causal investigation of the function/processing associated with any given ERP/EEG component.
We welcome any article using EEG/ERP technique in concert with any NIBS technique, and are particular interested in articles using these combined techniques to test theories of the neural underpinnings of specific ERP or EEG oscillatory components, or that demonstrate the utility of any specific component for addressing questions of cognitive control in health and disease.
The purpose of this Research Topic is to promote understanding of the neural substrates of specific ERP and EEG components so that they can be used more effectively to understand the function and dysfunction of the cognitive control system.
Keywords: Event-related potentials, Time frequency analysis, EEG, brain stimulation, Cognitive control
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