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Non Invasive Brain Stimulation: from neuro-enhancement to cognitive rehabilitation.

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Non Invasive Brain stimulation (NIBS) techniques have found and consolidated their position in neuroscience together with brain imaging and electroencephalography (EEG). Until now, Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) and Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) are the most used neuro-techniques. ...

Non Invasive Brain stimulation (NIBS) techniques have found and consolidated their position in neuroscience together with brain imaging and electroencephalography (EEG). Until now, Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) and Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) are the most used neuro-techniques. Their popularity is due to the unique possibility to establish in the living humans a causal relation between specific cortical areas and perceptual, motor, and cognitive functions, as well as to their ability to modulate these functions. Indeed, several evidence indicate that both techniques are able to induce behavioral changes, likely acting through synaptic plasticity mechanisms. In this context, a new neuromodulatory technique such as Transcranial Alternating Current Stimulation (tACS) has also been shown to induce an enhancement of cognitive performances. More recently, NIBS techniques are also showing the importance of specific oscillatory frequencies delivered on different cortical areas to induce the modulation of different systems, such as visual or somatosensory system. Such a frequency-dependence effects of stimulation has recently opened new perspectives for cognitive rehabilitation. NIBS techniques have been also used in combination with imaging and EEG techniques, in order to accurately localize and then modulate (i.e. enhance) the neural activity of a functional network. In this research topic, we would like to solicit contributions from across cognitive neuroscience, neurophysiology, neurology, psychiatry, neuropsychology and psychophysiology. Contributions must be focused on neuro-enhancement of normal cognitive abilities and/or of dysfunctional processes of patients with cognitive disorders. Investigators are encouraged to introduce new brain stimulation approaches and/or to implement new advanced strategies of cognitive rehabilitation of patients. We encourage submissions of novel experimental research articles, reviews, opinion, methods and theory papers that raise important questions for the field.


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