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Given the success of Research Topic Clinical Application of Artificial Intelligence in Emergency and Critical Care Medicine and the rapidly evolving ...

Given the success of Research Topic Clinical Application of Artificial Intelligence in Emergency and Critical Care Medicine and the rapidly evolving subject area, we are pleased to announce the launch of Volume II.

Analytics based on artificial intelligence has greatly advanced scientific research fields like natural language processing and imaging classification. Clinical research has also greatly benefited from artificial intelligence. Emergency and critical care physicians face patients with rapidly changing conditions, which require accurate risk stratification and initiation of rescue therapy. Furthermore, critically ill patients, such as those with sepsis, acute respiratory distress syndrome, and trauma, are comprised of heterogeneous populations. The “one-size-fits-all” paradigm may not fit for the management of such heterogeneous patient populations. Thus, artificial intelligence can be employed to identify novel subphenotypes of these patients. These subclassifications can provide not only prognostic value for risk stratification but also predictive value for individualized treatment. With the development of transcriptome providing a large amount of information for an individual, artificial intelligence can greatly help to identify useful information from high dimensional data. Altogether, it is of great importance to further utilize artificial intelligence in the management of critically ill patients.

The Research Topic primarily focuses on the use of artificial intelligence in the diagnosis and treatment of patients in emergency or critical care settings. In particular, a large amount of data are being generated from electronic healthcare records and transcriptome analysis. Novel methods from artificial intelligence can help to address the curse of dimensionality as have been frequently encountered when a large number of variables are being processed with conventional methods. This Research Topic also welcomes submissions of bioinformatic analysis with methods such as deep learning, density estimation, and reinforcement learning. In such a way, these advanced machine learning methods can help to provide novel findings from large datasets, comparing with traditional methods in the context of epidemiology and medical statistics which may fail to provide such novel findings due to their intrinsic limitations.

We welcome submissions of Original Research, Review, and Opinions. The subject areas of interest include but are not limited to:
• Predictive analytics for risk stratification of emergency and critically ill patients
• Individualized treatment strategy for patients with rapidly changing conditions
• Sub-phenotypes of heterogeneous population in emergency and critical care setting
• Bioinformatics analysis with transcriptome to develop individualized management

Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, Emergency Medicine, Critical Ccare Medicine, Predictive Analytics, Treatment

Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.

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