About this Research Topic
Electric or magnetic brain stimulation can influence cognitive, aﬀective or motor brain functions. Despite growing application in clinical settings, still little is known about the direct eﬀects of electric brain stimulation on cellular brain physiology. Recently, novel methods have been developed that allow application of various forms of non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS), e.g. transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) or transcranial electric stimulation (TES), during imaging of metabolic or neurophysiological brain signals reflecting basic neural functions. These imaging techniques allowing for "in vivo" assessment of the impact of NIBS on brain physiology include e.g. functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), positron emission tomography (PET), and electro- or magnetoencephalography (E/MEG). This Research Topic aims at gathering the most recent research results of the leading laboratories shedding light on the immediate and long-lasting eﬀects of NIBS on cellular brain physiology, and on the mechanisms underlying stimulation-dependent behavioral modifications. Review articles and original research investigating the impact of NIBS on basic neural functions, such as the generation of action potentials, synaptic transmission, biophysical and biochemical aspects of receptor activation, ionic channel functions, synaptic plasticity, intra and inter cell or glial-neuronal signaling and synaptic and dendritic integration, can be proposed. A better understanding of the eﬀects of NIBS on cellular brain physiology and behavior will not only advance basic neuroscience, but might also lead to more eﬀective stimulation protocols and treatment strategies for neurological and psychiatric disorders.
Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.