About this Research Topic
Materials used for dental and craniofacial treatments are currently facing new developments due to nanotechnology and tissue engineering technology. Substantial improvements in materials for enhanced healing of craniofacial and dental tissues have been performed through the incorporation of filler elements possessing at least one dimension in the nanometer range. Nanometric surface modifications of existing materials are increasing to ameliorate physical as well as biological properties in order to improve the quality and the duration of tissue repair.
The present Research Topic will focus on the use of different modern nanomaterials introduced for improving clinical performance in all fields of dentistry from preventive and restorative applications to implant dentistry and oral / maxillo-facial reconstruction, up to tissue engineering approaches coupled with stem cell biology. Details will be provided on the cutting-edge properties (morphological, antibacterial, mechanical, fluorescence, antitumoral, and remineralization and regeneration potential) of polymeric, metallic and inorganic nano-based materials, as well as their employment as nanocluster fillers, in nanocomposites, mouthwashes, dentifrices, biomimetic dental materials, and bio-engineered scaffolds for tissues repair and regeneration.
Perspectives of research in this arena, clinical outcomes and the most modern procedures to use the nanomaterials will be discussed, including safety concerns and possible nanotoxicological aspects regarding the use of nanomaterials in dental clinics.
Keywords: nanotechnology, dental materials, craniofacial biology
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