About this Research Topic
In the context of a global warming scenario, there has been increased interest in examining climate trends in specific biomes, such as the tropical forest biome. The Amazonian region includes about one half of the world’s tropical forest and is a key component of the global hydrological and carbon cycles. Moreover, relatively small changes in Amazon forest dynamics have the potential to substantially affect the concentration of atmospheric CO2 and thus the rate of climate change.
Some studies found that regions of the Amazon basin may be experiencing a transition to a disturbance-dominated regime versus natural variability. Long-term shifts in the seasonality of precipitation linked to deforestation activities have been also observed, and other studies suggested an intensification of the hydrological cycle. El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is one of the main drivers of the climatic variability over Amazonia, and it is linked to severe droughts especially over the Brazilian Amazon. Widespread droughts have been also observed in the last years linked to anomalous high temperatures in the Tropical Atlantic.
This Research Topics calls for manuscripts that address recent findings on the impacts of tropical climate variability and change over the Amazon ecosystem, using empirical or modeled data. Received manuscripts are also expected to address future disturbances in the Amazon basin as well as in the main drivers of projected changes.
This Research Topic is also open to contributions addressing the economic and societal impacts of climate variability and change, as well as on adaptation and mitigation strategies and actions in this region.
Provisional submissions include:
• Sea and surface temperature of Tropical Pacific, Atlantic and Amazon Basin during El Niño 2015-2016
Cristian Mattar, Ahuvit Trumper
• Droughts over Amazonia in 2005, 2010 and 2015: a cloud cover perspective
Renata Libonati, Leonardo F Peres, Juan-Carlos Jimenez-Muñoz
• Landsat and Sentinel-2 Albedo estimation: a case study in the Amazon forest
Belen Franch, Eric Vermote, Sergii Skakun, Jean-Claude Roger, Andres Santamaria-Artigas
• The Influence Of ENSO And PDO On Tropical Andean Glaciers And Its Impact On The Amazon Basin Hydrology
Bijeesh Kozhikkodan Veettil, Atilio Efrain Bica Grondona, Nájila Souza Da Rocha, Silvia Beatriz Alves Rolim
• Climate variability, land use and change over the Amazon Region: current and future trends
Jose A. Marengo, Carlos Souza, Kirsten Thonicke, Chantelle Burton, Kate Halladay, Richard A. Betts, Lincoln M. Alves, Wagner R. Soares
Keywords: Tropical climate, Amazon, drought, fires, deforestation
Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.