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Aquatic Physiology, Environmental Pollution, Nanotoxicology and Phytoremediation

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Environmental pollution as a result of increasing industrialization is a major problem worldwide. The toxicity of the chemicals, hazards, radiation, and environmental stressor to the aquatic fauna was studied. Although, recently, the excess levels of wastes discharged in water caused severe toxicity in ...

Environmental pollution as a result of increasing industrialization is a major problem worldwide. The toxicity of the chemicals, hazards, radiation, and environmental stressor to the aquatic fauna was studied. Although, recently, the excess levels of wastes discharged in water caused severe toxicity in aquatic environments and their fauna, still there is some shortage in the nanotoxicology and phytoremediation studies. So, the aim of this Research Topic is to create some knowledge about the environmental pollution and remediation in aquatic environment in collaboration with experts in physiology, biochemistry, endocrinology, morpho-histology of aquatic fauna.

The relation between physiology and other research fields is strong enough as all researchers in biology field use some extent physiological parameters to evaluate the organisms' health status in normal and stressful conditions. In addition, physiology with endocrinology and neurology can provide a contribution on the endocrine stress response of aquatic vertebrates and regulate the responses of vertebrates to stressors. Whilst the physiology of most aquatic animals has been well studied, not many articles provide sufficient data that helps understanding the common bases of the stress response after exposure to environmental pollutants and mechanisms of action. Such approach needs to be taken both in terms of comparative responses among vertebrates but also among classes or orders within groups of vertebrates. Another aspect that has not been sufficiently approached so far is physiological stress response in relation to immunity, growth, reproduction or behavior and embryology of the aquatic organisms, which expands the knowledge on the interactions between physiological systems to build an overall stress response.

Potential topics include, but are not limited to:
1. Hemato-biological characterizations of aquatic animals
2. Endocrine disruption in the aquatic animals
3. Chemical pollution in aquatic environment
4. Cytotoxicity in aquatic environment
5. Aquatic animal models for nanotoxicology
6. The synthesis, characterization and ecological aspects of nanomaterials
7. The toxicological effects of nanomaterials
8. Potential use of phytoremediation against toxicity in different species
9. Mechanisms of damage caused by nanomaterials
10. Histopathological assessment of nanomaterials’ toxicity
11. Physiological biomarkers of exposure to nanomaterials
12. Stressors effects at the molecular, biochemical and cellular levels


Keywords: Physiology, erythrocytes, aquatic, stress, fish, cytotoxicity


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