About this Research Topic
Recent years have witnessed the rising popularity of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), an innovative noninvasive form of brain stimulation, which works by creating a focal magnetic field that changes brain activity in both transient and prolonged ways. Being safe, well-tolerated and effective, the new technique is increasingly attracting the attention of researchers and clinicians and is used in several neuroscience research domains such as cognition, memory, and affective processing.
TMS has also been applied as a novel treatment for a wide spectrum of central nervous system diseases, ranging from the neurorehabilitation from organic diseases like stroke and traumatic brain injuries to mental health conditions including major depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), schizophrenia, addictive disorders and so forth.
The number of research studies using neuroimaging methods to investigate the efficacy of TMS has been constantly growing over the last decades, however, the exact therapeutic mechanism of this form of neuro-stimulation as well as the biological markers of TMS treatment-responsiveness are still unclear. These unanswered questions potentially restrict the clinical applications of TMS-based treatments and must be therefore addressed in order to develop more precise and personalized therapeutic strategies.
Speaking of neuroimaging, great signs of progress have been made in this realm and its techniques, leading to the improvement of the time and space resolution and overall accuracy of imaging. MRI, one of the most frequently used and rapidly developing techniques in neuroscience, generally consists of functional and structural imaging, which specifically includes new various analytic methods for different study purposes, for example, functional network modules and connectors, white matter BOLD network et al.
The main goal of this Research Topic is to provide an opportunity to openly discuss and share ideas for experts in the field of TMS, neuroimaging and their potential in the treatment of neurological and psychiatric disorders.
We will especially welcome submissions related to the investigation of the neuro-modulatory mechanisms of TMS in the domain of neurology and psychiatry using novel neuroimaging methods. The current topic does not limit to MRI, other neuroimaging techniques such as SPECT/PET, NIRS, EEG, et al. also are to be considered.
Keywords: TMS, Neuroimage, treatment, mechanism, efficacy
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