About this Research Topic
New technologies with the potential to improve population health are being continually introduced through research and innovation. In order to enhance care using the available resources, the most effective technologies should be endorsed while taking respect of organizational, social and ethical issues.
Facing the challenge of defining which technologies will be supported by health systems, the use of health technology assessment (HTA) has enlarged status and is highlighted as a tool to guide health policy and implementation science. Identifying emerging health-promoting technologies by scanning and monitoring various health information could guide health policy in rational decision making.
Implementation problems characteristically appear around a complex of inter-related setting and factors. Categories for consideration in implementation science include evidence and knowledge, culture and setting, process, actors and their interactions, institutions and framework, resources, etc.
Publications sought for this Research Topic will summarize information regarding -but not limited to-technologies, available evidence, regulatory status and potential costs, with concomitant developments and implementation issues.
Health technologies to be tackled will also include medical devices, procedures, diagnostics, and other health interventions.
Studies of the effects and potential of these innovations should be enriched by considerations as trend impact analysis (or cross impact analysis), clinical evidence of efficacy and safety, cost-effectiveness, therapeutic risk management, drug utilization research, causal layered analysis, environmental scanning, growth and envelope curves (judgment), monitoring morphological analysis, network analysis market), technology forecasting, knowledge translation and implementation science (including policy brief, deliberative dialogue, etc.).
This Research Topic seeks to play in catalysing solutions to some of the current challenges for the application of pharmaceutical/health technology innovation - specifically the use of rational and evidence-based approaches. Inappropriate use and over-use of technologies, particularly medicines waste resources – often out-of-pocket payments by patients – result in significant patient harm in terms of poor patient outcomes and adverse drug reactions.
We propose the investigation of a variety of paradigm-shifting factors such as innovative combinations of traditional utilization studies with qualitative approaches (e.g. focus group discussion, in-depth interviews, structured observation and structured questionnaires), development and acceptance of innovative ideas, the impact of contemporary discoveries, and technological developments.
A particular emphasis will be given to the technological development of new health care/services approaches: integrative inference tools for decision making of emerging health-promoting technologies; discussion of theories of implementation and how they relate to the public health field; explanations of how implementation can be better researched; evidence-based policy and its utility as a concept and guide for implementation of public health initiatives; real world cases are sought; knowledge translation; describing the process to implementation of technologies in health systems; case studies that explain the process/methods to implementation of technologies in health systems; evidence-based policy and its utility as a concept and guide for implementation of emerging health-promoting technologies; using emerging health promoting technology for policy implementation; big data analytics for health policy in rational decisions making; and machine learning models for heath technology assessment.
Keywords: Technology assessment, biomedical, decision making, policy brief, implementation science, knowledge translation, rational use of technologies, trend impact, health care, pharmaceutical innovation, drug discovery, biopharmaceuticals
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