About this Research Topic
Despite the work already published about the Gulf environment, much information is still missing on the diversity, activity, and dynamics of microorganisms. For instance, little is known about the nature of marine viruses, archaea, and fungi and their adaptability to the Gulf harsh conditions. Furthermore, information about the role of various marine microbes in the environment, such as their function in the food chain and recycling of nutrients, minerals, and pollutants under high salinity and large temperature fluctuation, is limited. Most of the information available so far was generated for the intertidal area, and very little is from the pelagic system and benthic region. Therefore, more research involving holistic trans-boundary studies is required to reveal the unique diversity, adaptability, and spatial variation on the microbial level. Little research has also been conducted to exploit the Gulf extremophilic microbes for biotechnology and industry where studies on the biotechnological potential of the Gulf microbiome are sporadic and biased toward bioremediation of hydrocarbon pollutants. The vast majority of available microbiological data was generated by conventional approaches such as culturing techniques; data generated using more robust approaches like omics are now needed to understand the microbial ecology of the Gulf better.
This Research Topic aims to compile interdisciplinary basic and applied research adopting advanced techniques to address questions of particular interest and contribute to a better understanding of the microbial ecology of the Gulf, due to the increasing international interest in the Gulf environment and its species which currently thriving at environmental conditions expected to dominate the world oceans at the end of the century. The Research Topic welcomes various submissions, including original research articles, reviews, protocols, and methods covering all aspects of microbial ecology in the Gulf, including, but are not limited to, the following areas:
Microbial community structural and functional diversity
Dynamics of microbial communities
Adaptations to various environmental stresses.
Microbial biogeochemical cycling in the Gulf water and sediments.
Oil pollution and bioremediation
Global warming and ocean acidification
Keywords: Arabian/ Persian Gulf, microbial ecology, structural and functional diversity, microbiome
Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.