About this Research Topic
Cytogenetics is a pioneer field within genetics and emerged when chromosomes were revealed as the gene carriers in the early twentieth century, long before the discovery of the DNA structure. For several decades, cytogenetic studies provided information on the karyotype structure and genome organization of numerous species, revealing a variety of chromosomal polymorphisms in the intra- and interspecies levels.
In the past decade, the power of next-generation sequencing technologies and bioinformatic protocols have become increasingly available to the community of cytogeneticists, allowing the integration of chromosomal and genomic data, even in non-model species of animals and plants, giving rise to the cytogenomics era.
The main objective of this Research Topic is to provide a place to communicate recent research in the use of genomics to unveil the structural organization and evolution of genomes. We welcome Original Research and Review articles on all kinds of Eukaryotic species within the following areas:
• Chromosome Biology;
• Karyotype evolution;
• Structure, composition and evolution of supernumerary chromosomes;
• Structure, composition and evolution of sex chromosomes;
• Genome-scale analysis of repetitive DNA sequences;
• Development of tools to analyze genome evolution.
Keywords: Cytogenetics, Genomics, Karyotype evolution, Chromosomes, DNA sequencing
Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.