About this Research Topic
Language (as conceptualized in empirical sciences) is the meeting point of individual differences and various research programs in psychology, either as a subject of study or as a methodological driving force. The convergence is arguably most striking in psycholexical studies in personality psychology and visible in psycholinguistics, social, cognitive, clinical, educational psychology, and other fields. The emerging importance of online resources, the reasserted necessity to revisit methodological issues in psycholexical studies, and the increasing interest in the dimensions of individual differences within psycholinguistics and cognitive psychology call for collaborative and cross-disciplinary research of personality- and language-related topics. Elementary bibliometric-informed research shows that the mentioned fields are connected on a fundamental level - by literature sources that all of them use. The conceptual overlap (visible by the co-word co-occurrence) likely stems from the shared foundations of diverse, but related disciplines.
Crucial goals of addressing the interplay between personality and language are multifold. Since the topic delves into an emerging field, both general and specific research issues play important parts. On the most general level, it explores how the standard methodological and conceptual frameworks in personality and language studies can inform one another and outline an initial set of recommendations for future studies. On the conceptual level, our tentative goals are to explore a) variations in the structure of personality descriptors across traditional and non-traditional sources of information (e.g., human participants, linguistic corpora and natural language); b) whether the dimensions of individual differences can contribute to the explanation of language-related phenomena (language acquisition, learning, and use); c) how does natural language processing with its accompanying methods and techniques contribute to the knowledge on personality. Regarding methodology, it would be of crucial importance to evaluate both traditional and non-traditional methods and set recommendations for future research. Finally, our intention is that this Research Topic should be an outlet for a number of studies that explore the interconnectedness of personality and language, and currently are published in a vast array of special and general scientific publications.
We welcome the contributions (original research papers, brief reports, study protocols, data reports) from the studies involving language and dispositional traits.
Some possible lines of research include:
• the psycholexical paradigm and primarily concerns the content, stability, and replicability of lexically-based personality dimensions.
• content and scope of personality-related information extracted from the sources such as (but not limited to) web content, natural language, and linguistic corpora?
• the personality-language relationship from the perspective of language acquisition and use - how are dimensions of individual differences (such as personality traits and dispositional cognitive features) related to the phenomena such as language learning, bilingualism, foreign language acquisition? How do such relationships reflect on cognition in general?
Keywords: individual differences, psycholexical studies, natural language processing, corpus linguistics, personality descriptors
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