About this Research Topic
Antimicrobial resistance among different infectious agents is a worldwide public health threat, with the available treatment options for common infections in some settings becoming already ineffective. Bacterial resistance has been reported to all antibiotic classes used in either human or veterinary medicine, and an association between antibiotic use and the development of clinical resistance has been reported for several cases. Moreover, the use of antibiotics constitutes an important factor for selection of resistance, not only among pathogenic bacteria but also among the commensal strains. The extensive use has heightened concerns about the expression of antimicrobial resistance, which impacts human and animal safety, food safety and environmental exposure. Antibiotic resistance is an emergent problem, and for this reason the WHO appealed for an urgent and concerted action by governments, health professionals, industry, civil society and patients to slow down the spread of drug resistance, limit its impact today and preserve medical advances for future generations. Specifically, the way to aid reducing antimicrobial resistance is to perform surveillance, reduced usage, and to improve infection control in both human and animal medicine (see WHO report, 2014).
The primary objective of this Frontiers Research Topic is to bring together researchers involved in antibiotic resistance prevention and control. The topic will aggregate research specialized in different subjects related to antibiotic resistance. We expect researches from all over the world to report their findings on the antimicrobial resistance patterns found among different ecosystems, covering different aspects including the epidemiology of resistance in animal and zoonotic pathogens, mobile elements containing resistance genes, -omics of antimicrobial resistance, emerging antimicrobial resistance mechanisms, control of resistant infections, establishing antimicrobial use and resistance surveillance systems, and alternatives strategies to overcome the problem of antimicrobial resistance worldwide. For that, we encourage submissions of original research articles, reviews, mini-reviews, methods articles, hypothesis and theory articles, technology reports, opinions and commentaries that can make a meaningful contribution to the current scientific knowledge.
Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.