About this Research Topic
Agronomists work at scales ranging from square metres to the hectares of a field; agronomy’s biological scales go from individual plant organs to plant populations via the individual plant. Complex agronomy covers crop communities; the temporal scale ranges from a day to a year. Fields are the meaningful sites for integrating reductionist plant sciences.
Agronomists need to have a broad and integrated scientific knowledge; this includes soil and earth sciences chemistry, biology, crop genetics and ecology and social sciences, reflecting GxExM. Understanding the myriad of interrelationships between biotic and abiotic ecosystem components means that agronomy needs to focus on ways to predict and project the GxExM of food production by using simulation models and other tools, such as statistical analyses. Many of these tools and techniques originated in crop science and agronomy. In summary, agronomy tries to improve the systems that humans use to produce food, feed, fuel, and fibre by understanding the interactions, and thus integration, of crop genotype, environment and management.
In the context of the UN SDGs, agronomy and hunger have a clear interaction; health includes the provision of nutritious food, agronomy uses large quantities of water; work in agronomy highlights gender differences; food consumption and waste are as important in food security as food production; climate and weather have huge effects on food production and land is the essential planetary resource for producing food.
As part of an innovative collection showcasing agronomy in the context of the SDGs, this Research Topic will look at Sustainable Development Goal 6: Clean Water and Sanitation, with an additional focus on decontaminated water. Some of the main topics include, but are not limited to:
• Efficient use of the water in irrigation
• Crop water stress mitigation
• Food security and water usage in crops
• Impacts of irrigation in other industries and communities
• Greenhouse gas emissions in irrigation
• Advances in irrigation scheduling for water savings
• Decontamination technologies of saline water for irrigation
• Application of Machine Learning for water management
• Internet of Things and sensing technologies in water and sanitation
We would like to give special thanks to our Field Chief Editor, Prof John R. Porter for his contributions to designing the scope of the project.
Keywords: smart irrigation, precision irrigation, SDG 6, UN Sustainable Development Goals, clean water and sanitation, #CollectionSeries
Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.