About this Research Topic
Plasmas are the enabling technology for nearly all modern industry. Developments in basic and applied plasmas have been the disruptive catalyst that allowed the evolution of the mobile phone and the computer in our pocket.
The interaction of plasmas with surfaces is important for:
- etching and deposition in microelectronics,
- the development of micro-systems and MEMS,
- activating surfaces for bio-compatibility,
- delivering active species to help heal living tissues,
- replacing insecticides in agricultural crops
- laser-plasma interaction for hadrontherapy.
Plasma plays the major role for electric propulsion in space. Plasma physics is pushing back the limits to basic thermodynamics and examining the cusp of transition from fluid to single particle behaviour.
This has been synergetic with the accelerating progress in modelling of low temperature plasmas, in instrumentation (miniaturisation and performance), electronic components availability, web connectivity allowing fast imaging, fast instruments, fast generators, fast lasers, and fast data management. None of this would have been possible without the huge leaps in technology made possible by plasma processing.